Interests: Research focuses on how children adapt to stress and trauma and development of the resilience in youth. Especially interested in identifying the role of protective factors in children and how these might mediate the impact of stress. Another area is investigating how cultural differences impact the psychological development of minority children and the impact of culture on bi-racial children. Research also focuses on how exposure to child maltreatment impacts the development of adjustment. Also interested in investigating impact of physical and sexual abuse on the psycho-social development of the child.